Mosquitoes are a common insect found in many parts of the world, but they are much more than just a nuisance. These tiny insects can pose a serious threat to human health by transmitting various diseases.
Mosquitoes are carriers of many diseases. These diseases can cause serious illness and even death, particularly in vulnerable populations such as children and the elderly.
Here are the common diseases that mosquitoes carry:
- Malaria is one of the most common diseases from mosquitoes. Malaria can cause fever, chills, headache, and flu-like symptoms and can be fatal if left untreated. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there were 229 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2019, with 409,000 deaths as a result.
- Dengue ever is another mosquito-borne disease caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Dengue fever can cause high fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, and rash, and in severe cases, it can lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever, which can be fatal.
According to the WHO, dengue is endemic in more than 100 countries. Additionally, there are an estimated 390 million dengue infections worldwide every year.
- Zika virus is a relatively new mosquito-borne disease that has gained attention in recent years due to its association with birth defects. Zika virus is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes and can cause fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis, among other symptoms. In pregnant women, the Zika virus can cause microcephaly and other birth defects in their babies.
- West Nile Virus is another mosquito-borne disease transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. West Nile virus can cause fever, headache, and body aches, and in severe cases, it can lead to encephalitis or meningitis, which can be fatal. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were 2,122 cases of West Nile virus in the United States in 2020, resulting in 100 deaths.
- Yellow Fever is a mosquito-borne disease transmitted by Aedes or Haemagogus mosquitoes. Yellow fever can cause fever, chills, headache, backache, and muscle aches, and in severe cases, it can lead to jaundice, bleeding, and organ failure, which can be fatal. According to the WHO, there were an estimated 200,000 cases of yellow fever worldwide in 2018, resulting in 30,000 deaths.
One way to prevent mosquito bites is to hire a professional mosquito control service. These services use insecticides and other methods to reduce the number of mosquitoes in your area.
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